OFF-CYCLE ELECTIONS IN BAYELSA, IMO AND KOGI: AN EARLY REFERENDUM
The Bayelsa, Imo, and Kogi off-cycle elections are scheduled to take place on November 11, 2023. Off-cycle elections are held outside the general elections schedule due to circumstances such as death, resignation, impeachment, annulment of elections by courts, and many more. The forthcoming off-cycle elections in Bayelsa, Imo, and Kogi, which are scheduled to take place in the aftermath of the 2023 Nigerian general elections, hold a pivotal place in the country’s democratic process. These elections provide a unique opportunity for a swift evaluation of the new government’s performance so far and offer a referendum on how citizens in these states respond to the leadership of the recently elected administration. The outcomes of these contests will significantly impact the political fortunes of the parties involved and lay the foundation for the upcoming general elections in 2027. The 2023 Nigerian general elections marked an important milestone in the country’s democratic journey, characterized by technological advancements, increased civil society participation, and identity-based divisions among candidates and parties. These factors influenced the election results and set the stage for the off-cycle governorship elections in Bayelsa, Imo, and Kogi.
West-Africa in 2023- Votes and volatility
Across the region, hard-won progress in press freedom and civil liberties are in decline with journalists arbitrarily detained and disinformation is on the rise. Addressing these challenges in the context of economic stagnation will be a significant challenge.
Online operations- Nigeria’s 2023 social media election campaigns
Civic awareness of the continuous voter’s registration process and the importance of participating has largely been driven by a sustained online campaign in the run-up to 2023, while the platforms can be used to fact check and hold elected and aspiring officials to account. Finding a balance that accentuates these positives and diminishes the negative aspects must be a priority as the elections approach.
Changing of the Guard:
A View at the Trends and Terrain Determining the 2023 Nigerian General Elections
The 2023 elections will likely be the first to feel the significant impact of a third major increase in the country’s registered voter population. Whereas in previous elections increase in the registered voter population did not typically translate into a higher voter turnout, as was the case in 2019. In fact, the percentage of voter turn-out dropped with every successive election since the 2003 electoral cycle. Despite this trend, there is cause for optimism that it will be reversed in the 2023 elections. This is because significant campaigns have been launched to encourage younger voters to register and get their permanent voter card (PVC) in order to become more active stakeholders in the electoral process. Another reason is increased faith in the electoral process following the introduction of the Bimodal Voter Accreditation Software (BVAS) and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) Results Viewing Portal (IReV). The development led to an increase in the number of youths registered to vote – the electoral body estimates 40% of newly registered voters are students3 – making it the strata with the highest number of potential voters. In looking at the 2023 elections, it is important to look at critical trends we can identify from past elections and assess their salience, alongside
Mali, France And US
Over the last few months, whether in Mali, Chad, Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, or elsewhere, Africans, the youth in particular, have, in their thousands, frequently and stridently protested French policies in Africa. This is striking when compared to the attitudes of previous generations. This unmistakable intensification of the rancor against France’s policies in Francophone countries’ populace and political and intellectual classes alike seems to have now reached most of the rest of Africa’s elites.
Fake News In West Africa: Flows, Facilitators And Fixes
The spread of falsehoods across information ecosystems in West Africa is growing. Although enabled by increasing access to social media and the internet across the region, the flow of fake news is not simply confined to online spaces but moves between offline and digital environments with regularity and ease.
Lecosysteme des Fausses Informations au Togo: Une vue D'ensemble/ Togo's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
Fake news is a phenomenon that does not spare Togo, like other countries in the world. It is therefore important to try to understand the mechanisms that govern their rapid dissemination in order to find ways of mitigation.
Lecosysteme des Fausses Informations au Burkina faso: Une D'ensemble/ Burkina Faso's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
As is the case in other countries, false information is now an integral part of the information flow ecosystem in Burkina Faso. This false information rubs shoulders with true information in a context marked by the development of digital social networks and the internet in general.
Lecosysteme des Fausses Information au Benin: Une Vue D'ensemble/ Benin's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
The spread of false news or infox, known as ''fake news'' in the Anglo-Saxon world, has taken on a worrying and devastating scale in Benin over the last decade. The surge in the circulation of fake news has coincided with the increase in internet penetration, the growth of mobile internet and the emergence of social networks.
Multiple Nodes, Common Causes: National Stock take of Contemporary Insecurity and State Responses in Nigeria
The Nigerian body politic faces a seeming epidemic of insecurity spanning jihadist insurgency, criminal banditry, farmer-herder conflicts, and violent separatist agitations. While governmental responses have overwhelming followed a militarised path to resolving these multifaceted conflicts, such interventions do not appear to have substantially diminished insecurity.
Cabe Verde's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
his study, which draws on 16 key informant interviews with academics, journalists, lawyers and social media users and an extensive review of relevant reports, documents and social media posts, provides one of the first comprehensive overviews of the, increasingly digital, information eco-system in Cabo Verde.
Lecosysteme des Fausses Informations au Senegal: Une vue D'ensemble/ Senegal's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
As is the case in several countries, false information is gaining ground in the public space in Senegal. The phenomenon itself is not new, but it is now accentuated and popularised with the advent of social networks and other digital platforms.
Guinea Bissau's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
Misinformation involves the spread of falsehoods without a deliberate attempt to mislead whilst disinformation is manipulated narrative or facts— propaganda deliberately intended to mislead. Both occur in Guinea-Bissau, with the recent Covid-19 pandemic bringing significant attention to the use of social media platforms and messaging applications for that end. T
Nigeria's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
Fake news is not a new phenomenon in Nigeria. Historically, peddlers of disinformation were popularly referred to as “radio without battery”, with fake news a weapon in Nigeria’s civil war (1967- 1970). Today in Nigeria’s southeast, fake news peddlers are given the moniker of ‘Okokon Dems’
Ghana's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
This report explores Ghana’s fake news ecosystem examining key actors in the online and offline space and the origins of their authority; key online information platforms and the interaction between offline media and non-media structures that shape information flows and gender dynamics.
Niger's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
Niger’s first private media entities emerged in the 1990s following the fall of the single party and military era. However, the birth of private media did not lead to a free and independent media. A bipolar media system quickly took shape, with public media tending to support the ruling party and private media siding with the opposition.
Mali's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview
This study aims to better understand key facets of the ecosystem of fake news in Mali. It argues that the deteriorated political context in the country has facilitated the proliferation of fake news. The Malian fake news ecosystem is also thriving in the traditional media which is dominated by the political and economic elite who sponsor narratives to serve their own ends.
Sierra Leone's Fake News Econsystems: An Overview
In January 2020 internet penetration in Sierra Leone was 25% and there were an estimated 700,000 active social media users, with Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp the most used applications. These new media platforms act as both sources and enablers of fake news.
Tackling Covid-19: Finding West Africa's Path
The days when COVID-19 was only a distant threat to West African countries are over. It is now evident that the virus is here to stay and must be addressed with practical responses that take into account the West African settings.
Threats to Credible Election in Cote D'ivoire: An Overview
Cote d’Ivoire is one of six ECOWAS member states scheduled to hold elections in 2020. The 31 October vote will be the fifth presidential election since the death of the ‘pere foundateur de la nation’ (father of the nation) Felix Houphouet Boigny in 1993.
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